The importance of Pruning
What is Pruning?
Pruning is the removal or reduction of parts of a plant, tree, or vine that are no longer visually pleasing, not requisite to growth, or are injurious to the health or development of the plant. That makes pruning as one the most important crop technique as every variety of plant has specific needs and treatments.
The benefits of pruning:
• Regulation of the size and shape in young trees;
• Regulation of the form and the direction of increase and skeletal elements for young saplings;
• Easier entry of solar radiation, the transport of photosynthetic materials to
• Helps in the regeneration of plants that have suffered heavy injuries after fire or frost or suffer from Phyto pathological problems.
General effects of pruning:
• Renewal of the plant, maintaining the shape of the plants we want;
• Better ventilation and lighting of the plant and the creation of new vegetation;
• Fruiting or flowering and thus achievement of the selective activation of fruiting and flowering buds of the plant;
• Best development of a healthy, straight, and strong skeleton (trunk) of the plant;
• Control of plants from insect infestations or diseases;
• Increase growth and development of roots;
• Increase the supply of Cytokines of the parties remaining in the tree (consequence: Increase in cell divisions, eye expansion, etc.).
Pruning tips: Peak dominance and influence
The phenomenon of peak dominance with the removal of the peak they 'il be activated immediately below the Remaining buds, and the opposite will happen when you remove the axillary buds.
When to perform pruning:
Most of the times the pruning takes place either during the lethargic period or during the germination period depending on what, when, and where it is done. But the plants should be checked on a regular basis so the necessity of such process can be recommended by the professionals. On most deciduous trees and shrubs, it can be performed lightly in summer, but when the tree is dormant, heavier pruning preferably should be performed before active growth begins late in winter.